What to do before and after you get vaccinated for COVID-19

Coronavirus

CLEVELAND (WJW) — When it comes to the COVID-19 vaccination, what precautions should be taken before and after receiving the shot?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the following guidelines to help with that:

  • BEFORE THE SHOT: For most people, it is not recommended to avoid, discontinue, or delay medications for underlying medical conditions around the time of COVID-19 vaccination. However, your healthcare provider should talk to you about what is currently known and not known about the effectiveness of getting a COVID-19 vaccine when taking medications that suppress the immune system.
  • BEFORE THE SHOT: It is not recommended you take over-the-counter medicine, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or acetaminophen, before vaccination for the purpose of trying to prevent vaccine-related side effects. It is not known how these medications may affect how well the vaccine works. However, if you take these medications regularly for other reasons, you should keep taking them before you get vaccinated. It is also not recommended to take antihistamines before getting a COVID-19 vaccine to try to prevent allergic reactions.
  • AFTER THE SHOT: The CDC says you may have some side effects which are are normal signs that your body is building protection. These side effects may affect your ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days. Some people have no side effects.

Here are some possible side effects that could occur following the shot:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Tiredness
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Pain, redness, swelling on the arm where you got the shot

In most cases, pain and discomfort is normal. However, the CDC said you should contact your doctor if redness or tenderness in your arm increases after 24 hours or if your side effects don’t seem to be going away after a few days.

  • AFTER THE SHOT: Talk to your doctor about taking over-the-counter medicine, such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, aspirin, or antihistamines, for any pain and discomfort you may experience after getting vaccinated. You can take these medications to relieve post-vaccination side effects if you have no other medical reasons that prevent you from taking these medications normally.

The CDC says people are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after their second shot of the Pfizer-BioNtech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, or two weeks after the single-dose J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine.

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