Al Qaeda Leader Captured in Libya
(CNN) — Abu Anas al Libi has been all around the world — Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sudan, Kenya, Britain, Iran and beyond — making friends with some of the world’s most notorious terrorists and enemies with the United States and its allies.
On Saturday, his odyssey ended where it began: in his homeland of Libya.
U.S. special operations forces snatched the 49-year-old al Qaeda operative in the capital, Tripoli, U.S. officials say.
Al Libi was returning to his house after morning prayers at about 6:30 a.m. local time (Friday night ET) when a group of 10 masked men in three cars surprised him, according to Libyan counter-terrorism analyst Noman Benotman, who spoke to family members. His wife was watching from the window and saw the snatch-and-grab operation, Benotman said.
Benotman said the al Qaeda operative tried to reach into the glove compartment of his car to grab his gun — but the U.S. forces quickly snatched him, breaking a window in his car. The whole operation, he said, lasted less than a minute.
“Then they just disappeared,” Benotman, a former Jihadist associate of al Libi, told CNN’s “New Day Sunday.”
“It’s a masterpiece how someone can craft such an operation.”
Benotman is president of the Quilliam Foundation, a London-based counterterrorism think tank. He is also a former senior member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, which al Libi joined in the mid-1990s before gravitating back toward al Qaeda.
The United States said the mission was conducted with the knowledge of Libya’s government. The Libyan government said it’s asking the U.S. for an explanation on the matter.
Al Libi had been living in that still unsettled nation, more or less in the open, for over a year despite his alleged associations. According to Benotman, it is unlikely he was still playing an active role for al Qaeda.
His next destination? He will be taken to New York on Sunday, a source with knowledge of the capture and proceedings told CNN.
U.S. authorities have long wanted al Libi to stand trial in an American court to face charges for his role in the twin 1998 bombings at U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania that left well over 200 dead and thousands wounded.
Pentagon spokesman George Little said late Saturday the suspected terrorist is being “lawfully detained by the U.S. military in a secure location outside of Libya.”
Edith Bartley lost both her father, Julian Bartley, and her brother, Julian Jr., in the attack in Nairobi, Kenya. Her father was the U.S. Embassy’s counsel general; her 20-year-old brother was an intern there.
“We know that this is a firm signal around the globe that as our government is still wading through a standstill right now, that we are still vigilant as a country and focused on international terror, and we’re not going to step down at all,” Bartley told CNN’s “New Day Sunday.”
Bartley said while she was relieved when Osama bin Laden — another man indicted in the embassy attacks — was killed in 2011, she’s also happy that al Libi was taken into custody.
“Certainly, we are very pleased to know that we can have someone who is captured, and for the wealth of information that may be available to our intelligence community and our military personnel,” she said. “You can’t put a price on that.”
CNN’s Nic Robertson, a veteran of covering al Qaeda, said al Libi’s arrest is a “huge deal.”
“He’s a big player in al Qaeda (and) in one of the key target areas, in the north of Africa,” he said. “This is a significant step.”
Stops in Afghanistan, Britain, Iran and beyond
The FBI’s page on al Libi — part of its roster of “Most Wanted Terrorists” and noting the $5 million reward being offered for information leading directly to his apprehension — says that he is accused in a “conspiracy to kill United States nationals, to murder, to destroy buildings and property of the United States, and to destroy the national defense utilities of the United States.”
But as bad as that sounds, he’s much more than that.
Born Nazih Abd al Hamid al Ruqhay, al Libi joined al Qaeda soon after its founding, as the terrorist organization built up its presence in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
When the group’s late leader Osama bin Laden relocated to Khartoum, Sudan, in 1992, al Libi went with him.
As the 1990s continued, al Libi came to be known as one of al Qaeda’s most capable operatives, especially for his expertise in surveillance and computers.
A fellow al Qaeda operative at one point testified that al Libi was in Nairobi in 1993, allegedly checking out possible targets, including the U.S. Embassy.
The blast in Kenya’s capital five years later ended up killing more than 200 people and wounding 5,000. The Tanzania blast went off nearly simultaneously, leaving 11 people dead.
Al Libi at one point joined the jihadist Libyan Islamic Fighters Group before moving to Qatar and then Britain, settling in Manchester.
It was there, in 2000, that police raided his home.
Authorities uncovered a document that became known as the “Manchester Manual” — hundreds of pages of guidance on carrying out a terrorist campaign. Among them: a document that called for “attacking, blasting and destroying” embassies.
But what they didn’t find was al Libi, who had left the country before the raid.
He is thought to have spent time subsequently in Afghanistan before fleeing to Iran after the fall of the Taliban. Western intelligence sources believe he remained in that country before going home to Libya.
After years in native Libya, al Libi in U.S. hands
In September 2012, CNN was first to report that al Libi was alive and well in Libya. Western intelligence had tracked his movements in Tripoli, and had even taken surveillance photos.
Western intelligence sources said that there was concern that al Libi was working to establish an al Qaeda network in the North African nation, but no evidence has since materialized that he continued to be involved in terrorist operations after he returned to Libya.
So how long had he been home?
In December 2010, before the outbreak of the unrest that ended with Moammar Gadhafi’s death, Libyan authorities told a United Nations committee that al Libi had returned, even giving a Tripoli address for him.
And one Western intelligence source said al Libi appears to have been in Libya in the spring of 2011, when the civil war was in full swing.
Counterterrorism analysts told CNN in fall 2012 that al Libi may not have been apprehended at the time because of the delicate security situation in much of Libya, where ex-jihadists — especially those who once belonged to the Libyan Islamic Fighters Group — held considerable sway after the campaign against and ultimate ouster of longtime leader Gadhafi.
It was not clear for how long, and how much, Libya’s government knew about al Libi’s presence, or whether other governments had approached them to arrest al Libi. The fact that there’s no extradition treaty between Libya and the United States further complicates matters.
The fact that al Libi is in U.S. hands, of course, changes everything.
In addition to standing trial, al Libi will be questioned about what he knows about al Qaeda and other terrorist organizations.
And if he talks, he could offer valuable information on men he worked with inside Libya, as well as al Qaeda generally.
“All his recent years of activation is going to come under very, very close and important scrutiny,” said CNN’s Robertson.
(By Greg Botelho. Tim Lister and Paul Cruickshank)
CNN’s Evan Perez and Barbara Starr contributed to this report.